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ADHD Here At York:


York School is a college preparatory high school for goal oriented people, high achievers and students who excel in normal academic environments. York is such a small community with a vigorous academic load that many people assume that learning disabilities do not appear in our population. Though ADHD doesn’t seem like it belongs here, in fact about 12-15% of the student body has a diagnosable learning difference and just over 50% of those kids have executive functioning related problems.(Sherry, 2011) Which is comparable to the national average of 12-15% as well.ADHD does add significant difficulties to the daily lives of students, especially at such a vigorous school, but that doesn’t mean it’s impossible for ADHD individuals to succeed. These are kids who don’t learn using the same tools the majority of the York School population does. These kids think so far outside of the box that sometimes it is hard to reel their minds into our small classrooms. This doesn’t mean that your slightly unorganized classmate sitting across from you in English class has ADHD, or anything near it. ADHD is a serious disorder with serious consequences. Disorganization is just as much internal as it is external for kids with this diagnosis. Look around you, ADHD is everywhere and it is nothing to be ashamed of. Today, our school systems are not designed to cater to the unusual learning styles ADHD kids have. The stigma against the different learning styles ADHD kids have only adds to the feelings of insecurity that so many of these children suffer with on top of their disorder. People can sometimes be to quick to label these kids and try to put them in a box of assumptions about learning disabilities. But, these kids are just as bright, just as thoughtful, just as motivated as you are, they just have a different way of expressing it. So, next time you get frustrated with the kid behind you rattling the table with the bouncing of their knee, maybe give them a break. They are probably doing the best they can in such a rigorous environment, just like you are. The truth is that there is no difference between an ADHD kid and a “normal” kid. We are all growing up, all of us are at this school, some of us just process information a little differently. ADHD isn’t a distant disorder, it’s everywhere, producing random, sometimes brilliant, out-of-the-box ideas that make life interesting. York is a place where people can be people and not have to worry about their learning differences. It is a safe place where differences are encouraged and supported.

History:


According to Hello Life, an online resource for families with children diagnosed with ADHD, Sir George Frederick Still, a British doctor, first began documenting cases of impulsive behavior in 1902. He labelled his findings “Defect of Moral Control”. By 1922 the same symptoms were diagnosed as “Post-Encephalitic Behavior Disorder”, But it wasn't until 1937 that Dr. Charles Bradley’s various stimulants, designed to alleviate the impulsive/restless behaviors, were introduced to the market. Research continued and in 1987 the common symptoms that Dr.Sill had described and that had defined Post-Encephalitic Disorder were combined by the American Psychiatric Association [APA] and officially recognized as "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" (Hello Life, 2009).

Due still to a lack of sufficient research and explanation, many specious misconceptions about ADHD have been spread as though they were fact. For instance, many people believe the disorder only affects males. This is incorrect; girls can have ADHD. There are more boys diagnosed with ADHD than girls but there are still numerous cases found in females. In parent surveys in the United States coordinated by the Center for Disease Control (CDC), there have been approximately 5.4 million school aged children diagnosed with ADHD since 2007. That is about 9.5% of the national school-age population.{ Contrastingly, the APA estimates a lower 3-5%} [The APA estimates 3-5%]. Boys have approximately a 13.2% chance of being diagnosed in childhood, whereas girls have a 5.6% chance. (CDC, 2010)

These statistics have varied since the discovery {and classification}of the disorder. Still today there is controversy about exact figures, even within the APA doctors and psychologists are hosting seminars to promote dialogue and new discoveries about the disorder. (First, 2011) Over the past 20 years, there has been an enormous increase in the diagnosis {frequency}. When a close relative has ADHD, a child is five times more likely to be diagnosed -- almost a 25% chance of diagnosis. {Psychiatrists are not yet exactly...} No one is sure exactly how people develop ADHD but this percentage suggests it is more genetically influenced as opposed to environmentally. In recent years there has been an enormous increase in the diagnosis of ADHD(you said this earlier in paragraph). Some argue it is over diagnosed, or used as an excuse for lazy {, over anxious,} or unorganized kids. {However, the current APA accepted data states that 20% of children exhibit this disorder.}Earlier studies have indicated that 20% of children had this disorder. (That is the estimate currently accepted by the APA). (CDC, 2010) (rather than saying nevertheless, maybe begin with, Correspondingly)Nevertheless, recent studies have shown there is a peak in the diagnosis of the disorder in children. This trend may be due to heightened awareness of the disorder as well as hypersensitivity to the symptoms. The hypersensitivity can lead to many wrongly diagnosed children, diagnosed for normal childish tendencies that parents or teachers identify as ADHD.{Another misinformed assumption is that all children with ADHD exhibit the same behavioral symptoms or act in the same way.} Also incorrect is the assumption that all kids with ADHD act the same way. Unfortunately for psychiatrists who must diagnose the children, ADHD appears differently in every child. Also, because much of the public has been hyper-sensitized to the characteristics of ADHD, many kids who are just being kids might be labeled with the disorder. Not all ADHD kids are restless and hyper, the same way that not all restless and hyper kids have ADHD.
Post-Encephalitic Behavior Disorder