AbPsych | ADHD | ADHD Diagnostic Criteria | Executive Function Disorder | ADHD Treatments | ADHD Sources

Aside from Executive Function Disorder, there are many common counterparts to the diagnoses of ADHD. These associated disorders can be just as severe or more so than ADHD. "Pubmed Health" is a website put up by the United States Medical Library. It sheds light on some of the disorders we often group with ADHD. Many people generalize all of the following disorders as symptoms of ADHD, but in fact they are separate diagnoses with different symptoms and different effects.

Anxiety Disorders/ Depression (Dysthymia): There is a range of anxiety disorders usually associated with ADHD. Most commonly diagnosed is “Generalized Anxiety Disorder .” This disorder stretches beyond the normal level of anxiety most people experience in their day to day lives. It is severe and can greatly interfere with daily life. It can be developed in childhood as well as adulthood. It has similar syptoms to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Panic Disorder and others, but remains its own condition. Dysthymia is a depressive mood disorder. It is usually characterized by its insidious onset and life-long effects. This chronic mood disorder has a duration of at least 1-2 years and is manifested as depression, occurring more days than not.

Sleep Disorders: Many individuals who suffer from ADHD also suffer from chronic sleep issues. They tend to be continually sleep deprived and exhibit abnormal REM sleep, never achieving the standard amount ofhours. ADHD symptoms also make it difficult for many people to fall asleep quickly. They are exhausted from their constant stream of thoughts during the day but lay awake processing the day's information. This leads to worse attention during the day and eventually a hard pattern to break.

Oppositional-Defiant Disorder (ODD/ED): ODD is a condition where an individual (child) exhibits chronic patterns of defiant, hostile and obnoxious behavior towards authority and authority figures. These behaviors interfere with daily activities. ODD is very commonly associated with other learning disabilities and disorders, namely, ADHD, depression, and anxiety disorders.

Conduct Disorder (CD): CD is a behavioral and emotional disorder that occurs in children and teens. A child with this disorder may display a pattern of disruptive and violent behavior and have problems following rules. It is closely related to ODD, but is considered a more serious issue.

Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD/NOS*): PDD is a diagnostic category referring to a collection of disorders characterized by delays in social and communicational development. Symptoms are noticeable as early as infancy, but most cases are discovered around the age of three. Examples are Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, and Rett’s Syndrome.
*Not Otherwise Specified

Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD): CAPD is a complicated disorder that affects approximately 5% or school-aged children. The kids who suffer from CAPD can not process information in the same way others do. It is caused by a lack of coordination between the brain and ears.
(Vorvick, 28F)